Laboratory measurements were performed to compare the thermal coefficients of two microwave detectors that might be used for direct detection in L-band radiometers. In particular it was desired to compare the performance of a new-technology flash ADC (analog-to-digital converter) against that of an older-technology diode detector in series with a VFC (voltage-to-frequency converter). The outputs of two state-of-the-art detectors were recorded as a constant 1.414-GHz signal was input and the physical temperatures of the detectors were varied over a range of 10 C. As a further experiment, each detector was tested with a noise diode source and with a sine wave synthesizer source. Thermal coefficients were computed in terms of W/C and in terms of ppt/C at nominal operating temperatures reasonable for the individual devices. Finally, thermal coefficients were calculated in K/C to indicate the change in brightness temperature seen by a theoretical sea surface salinity radiometer employing each detector. The K/C for the flash ADC was determined to be about 2.8 times that of the diode/VFC. Different reactions of the ADC to a noise input and a sine wave input indicated that ADC tests for radiometric purposes, such as this one, should be performed using a noise input.